Year Founded: 1918
Situated in Eastern Europe, the word Poland is Slavic, meaning the plains, aptly describing the painful history of Poland not having strong natural borders to prevent itself from the many occupations of strong powers. During World War II, Hitler slaughtered over three million Jews in Poland, and over six million people died during the war in the whole of Poland. It became a constituent of the Soviet Union after World War II, but with determined efforts from the democratic faction and staunch public solidarity, Poland became the first eastern European country to be free of communist rule in 1989, no longer under the control of the former Warsaw Treaty Organization. The strong anti-communism sentiment in the country today has led to current extreme measures that have the European Union rather concerned. The current ruling party is very Eurosceptic.