Year Founded: 1991
Sitting west of Russia, Belarus used to be a constituent of the Soviet Union, establishing its independence following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The current President, Alexander Lukashenko, has ruled since 1994 and is known as the Last Dictator of Europe by the United States and European countries for his iron fist dictatorship. In 2020, Alexander Lukashenko was reelected with a high vote total. The people declared election fraud and took to the streets en masse to protest, causing the most serious bloody confrontation since the establishment of the Republic of Belarus. Alexander Lukashenko still requires the support of Russia to stay in power right now but is seen sometimes to be at odds with Putin. Whether Belarus is pro-Europe or pro-Russia still remains to be determined.