Year Founded: 1993
The Czech Republic and Slovakia were once one country, Czechoslovakia. It first was occupied during WWII by Nazi Germany and then became one of the satellite states of the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The Velvet Revolution eventually broke out in 1989. Czechoslovakia was peacefully dissolved in 1993 and the two states still maintain friendly relations. The state has developed close ties with Taiwan in recent years. Senate Speaker, Miloš Vystrčil, insisted on visiting Taiwan despite Beijing’s disapproval in 2020. The visit is so far the highest level of official contact between the Czech Republic and Taiwan since its independence. The country is ranked among the top 30 countries in the world on the Human Development Index and UN World Happiness Index. Among all the Slavic nation states, the Czechs have the highest level of education, and the state is one of the most stable democracies. Tensions between Russia and the Czech Republic are high.