Year Founded: 1991
With a population of approximately 10 million people, it is a transcontinental country connecting Eastern Europe with Western Asia. Geographically speaking, it is largely located in Asia and a little bit of Europe. Azerbaijan became the 10th constituent of the Soviet Union after World War II, declared independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, and joined the European Council but is not a member of the European Union. It is rich in petroleum and natural gas resources, which support the national economy.
It’s most well-known internationally for the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Armenia. Engaged in a war with Armenia in September 2020, Azerbaijan was supported by Turkey and finally won the war against Armenia. The region of Nagorno-Karabakh is now under joint Azerbaijan-Russian control.