2022/06/07

東歐/聯合國成員國

羅馬尼亞

Romania

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基本資料

建國年份

1989

官方語言

羅馬尼亞語

幣別

羅馬尼亞列伊RON

宗教

東正教

政體

民主共和 半總統制

最高領袖

總統(軍事/外交/內政)
總理(內政)

國家介紹

位於巴爾幹半島,南邊由歐洲第二大河─多瑙河圍繞,成為與鄰國保加利亞之間的天然國界。二戰時加入軸心國,戰敗後國內共產主義興起,迎來近47年的共產統治。直到1989年爆發羅馬尼亞革命,才順利走向民主化。陸續加入北約和歐盟,擔任協防黑海的角色。被聯合國列為極高人類發展指數國家(全球前25%),人均GDP達12,000美元。國內最受歡迎的個人運動項目是體操,累積奪牌數量與美國、俄羅斯並駕齊驅。

Year Founded: 1989

Romania is located in the Balkans. The Danube, the second-longest river in Europe, forms a natural border along the south, separating Romania and its neighbor, Bulgaria. Romania joined the Axis Alignment with Germany during WWII, and its defeat gave rise to communism and nearly 47 years of communist rule. It wasn’t until the Romanian Revolution in 1989 that the country set out on a path toward democratization. Romania joined NATO and the European Union in succession and acted as a defense force guarding the Black Sea. The UN ranks the country very high in its human development category (in the world’s top 25%), and its GDP per capita has reached US$12,000. The most popular individual sport is gymnastics, and the number of competition medals won by Romania rivals that of the United States and Russia.

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