Year Founded: 1960
Chad is at the heart of Africa. The landscape is mainly desert. This country has more than 200 ethnic groups, which often leads to domestic conflict. 40% of the population lives in poverty, and 20% of the children never celebrate their 5th birthday. In 2003, Chad became an oil-producing country, so the economy slightly improved. Taiwan’s CPC Corporation also drilled crude oil in Chad. In the north, anti-government protests continue. President Idriss Deby, Africa’s longest-serving president, was killed while fighting militants in 2021. The Chadian army is an important ally in the fight against Islamist extremist groups.