Year Founded: 1960
Benin is located in West Africa close to the Gulf of Guinea. It is amongst the world’s least developed countries. It was once a French colony. After its independence from France, the country adopted Marxist–Leninism and the economy almost crashed. Therefore, in 1989, Benin rejected Marxist–Leninism and changed the country’s name to the Republic of Benin in 1990. The current government has a close relationship with France. Benin is also a member state of international organizations such as the United Nations and the African Union. The domestic economy is in terrible shape and the country is plagued by piracy in the Gulf of Guinea. Their main export products are cotton, palm kernels, and palm oil.