Year Founded: 1970
Situated within the Polynesian archipelago in the Pacific, Tonga consists of many islands.
Although a member of the British Commonwealth, Tonga has its own monarchy and is the only surviving kingdom in the Pacific. Because the first King forbade selling land to foreigners, Tonga is the only archipelago ever invaded by foreigners in the Pacific. The people, and their language and culture are well-preserved, and it is the best place to watch humpback whales.
In recent years, due to consecutive negative GDP growth rates and the pandemic impacting tourism income, the prime minister of Tonga proposed debt restructuring to China in 2020, their largest creditor country.