Year Founded: 1975
Sitting on the eastern part of New Guinea, the second largest island in the world, Papua New Guinea shares a border with West Papua Province of Indonesia. The entire nation consists of more than six hundred islands with a population of about 8.7 million. Because of the enormous number of the indigenous groups, there are 841 living languages in the country, making it the most linguistically diverse country in the world. With underdeveloped infrastructure, the state has a relatively high crime rate and unemployment. The GDP per capita is about US$2,700, making it the slowest developing country in East Asia and the Pacific region. Interestingly, because of its fragmented terrain and exceptional rainfall, building airports is much easier than roads. As a result, aviation has become one of the most important means of transportation in Papua New Guinea.