革新為左；保守為右 / 集體主義為左；個人主義為右
歐洲整合化為左；疑歐派為右 / 國際主義為左；民族主義為右
社會主義為左；資本主義為右 / 環保優先為左；開發優先為右
It is very common to hear others describe a certain political figure as being too leftist and a certain political party as being far right. What does this mean exactly? In fact, left and right are relative concepts and can be applied to every ideology. Let me put it this way:
Right (also known as right wing): conservative, prefer steady, orderly, gradual, and slow reformation, and focus on upholding tradition.
Left (also known as left wing): free, innovative, pro-active reformation, and the abolishment of old ideologies and systems.
There are many places where left and right can be applied, and they are usually used to describe two completely opposite ideologies or political positions. For example:
Reformism is left and conservatism is right; collectivism is left, and individualism is right.
Pro-European integration is left and Euroscepticism is right; internationalism is left, and nationalism is right.
Socialism is left and capitalism is right; preferring environmental protection is left and preferring development is right.
That is to say a person can have many labels at the same time. A person may enjoy making money and pursuing fame and fortune (right) but at the same time they are vegan and care about animal protection (left). Another may be a devout Catholic and is pro-life (right) while being concerned about climate change and putting environmental protection into practice (left). In a left-wing party (such as the U.S. Democratic Party), there may be people who are “relatively” right-leaning. So, let’s not try to define a person with one single label, to avoid being ad hominem.