2022/04/01

中亞/聯合國成員國

土庫曼共和國

Republic of Turkmenistan

唸給你聽

https://open.firstory.me/embed/story/ckuw0dc16hglz08383plvhr6k/?description=1

基本資料

建國年份

1991

官方語言

土庫曼語

幣別

土庫曼馬納特TMM

宗教

伊斯蘭教 89%(遜尼派為主)
東正教 9%

政體

民主共和 總統制
(實為獨裁共和)

最高領袖

總統(軍事/外交/內政)

國家介紹

原為蘇聯加盟國之一,1995年成為亞洲第一個(也是唯一)永久中立國。超過80%國土都是沙漠,人口集中於有河流匯集的地方。1991年從蘇聯獨立後,30年來只經歷兩位總統,各自在位超過15年,統治方法獨裁專制,推行個人崇拜。現任總統別爾德穆哈梅多夫曾下令全國只能開白色的汽車,甚至在2021年自身父親過世時,下令全國官員和高階主管剃光頭表示哀戚。是全球新聞自由度最低的國家,比北韓還糟。

Year Founded: 1991

Formerly one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union, Turkmenistan became the first (and the only) permanently neutral state in Asia. Over 80% of its land is covered by desert and the population of Turkmenistan is concentrated in areas where rivers converge. Since its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Turkmenistan has had only seen two presidents, each serving 15 years. Their dictatorial rule went hand in hand with a cult personality. The incumbent president, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, once issued a nationwide white-car-only policy. In 2021, when his father passed away, he even ordered government officials and executives across the nation to shave their heads as a gesture of mourning. Turkmenistan has the lowest rating on the global press freedom index, even lower than that of North Korea. 

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