Year Founded: 1991
Tajikistan is the smallest country by land area in Central Asia, but it is still four times bigger than Taiwan. Mountains cover 93% of the country’s land area. The state’s domestic economy performs poorly, with a GDP per capita of less than USD 1,000. As the most impoverished country in Central Asia, laborers leave the country in droves to seek job opportunities overseas. Money sent home by Tajik migrant workers from overseas contributes to about 26% of the National GDP. After Tajikistan signed onto the Belt and Road initiative, its diplomatic policies shifted toward China, weakening Russia’s influence in the country. In 2021, there have been many troubles along its borders like the clash with the Kyrgyz Republic and aggression by the expanding Taliban forces.