2022/08/31

西非/聯合國成員國

塞內加爾共和國

Republic of Senegal

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基本資料

建國年份

1960

官方語言

法語

幣別

西非法郎XOF

宗教

伊斯蘭教 90%
天主教 5%

政體

民主共和 總統制

最高領袖

總統(軍事/外交/內政)

國家介紹

位於西非,首都達卡是非洲大陸的最西端。1960年脫離法國殖民後,政局相較其他西非國家穩定,是非洲第一個透過選舉,和平進行政黨輪替的國家。在1995年後推動經濟改革,經濟成長率雖平均保持4%以上,卻迎來貧富不均等問題。2021年現任總統試圖修改憲法以延長任期,引發多起反政府示威暴動。

Year Founded: 1960

Senegal is a country in West Africa. Its capital city sits on the westernmost end of the African continent.  Since the state broke away from French colonial control in 1960,  it has maintained relative political stability compared to other West African countries. It was also the first country in Africa to undergo a peaceful transition of power through an election process.  In 1995, the government introduced economic reforms and it has maintained an average annual economic growth above 4%. However, issues like wealth inequality also developed. In 2021, the incumbent president attempted to amend the constitution to extend his term in Office and that triggered many anti-government demonstrations and riots. 

國家位置

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