2022/02/24

美拉尼西亞/聯合國成員國

斐濟共和國

Republic of Fiji

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基本資料

建國年份

1970

官方語言

英語、斐濟語、印度斯坦語

幣別

斐濟元FJD

宗教

基督宗教 64.5%
印度教 27.9%

政體

民主共和 內閣制

最高領袖

總統(象徵性元首)
總理(軍事/外交/內政)

國家介紹

由300多個島嶼組成的南太平洋島國,位於美拉尼西亞島群之中。島上的原住民為斐濟人,但在19世紀英國殖民統治時期,英國派遣大量印度勞工到斐濟進行甘蔗種植工作。使得現在斐濟人只占全國54%,印度裔則高達40%,另外還有歐洲裔、華裔等多元民族。但在政府積極修憲調解後,目前各種族相處融洽,文化呈現多元樣貌。

Year Founded: 1970

A part of Melanesia, Fiji is a south pacific island nation consisting of more than 300 islands. Fijians are the indigenous inhabitants of the islands. During the British colonial period in the 19th century, Britain sent Indian laborers in droves to work on sugar cane plantations on the Fiji islands. As a result, the Fijians only account for 54% of the total population, while Indians account for a high percentage of 40%. There are also different ethnic groups like European and Chinese. Thanks to constitution amendment and mediation efforts by the government, different ethnic groups currently coexist in harmony, illustrating a picture of cultural diversity. 

國家位置

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