Year Founded: 1946
Situated on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean sea, Syria is the cradle of one of the most ancient civilizations in the world, but the country has suffered from conflicts in the modern era. 70% of the population are Sunni, while its leading politician in power, Bashar Al-Assad, belongs to the Shia faction. His repressive regime triggered the outbreak of the Syrian civil war in 2011 and one third of the country is now in the hands of opposition rebel armies. Syria has been fighting with Israel over the sovereignty of the Golan Heights as the latter has currently seized de facto control over the territory. Years of war left the country in ruins with half of the population displaced. Data about Syria after 2010 is not available on the website of the International Monetary Fund nor that of the World Bank. Bashar Al-Assad was re-elected again as president in May, 2021 winning 95% of the vote, and started his second seven-year term.