Year Founded: 1961
South Africa is the southernmost country in Africa and the third-largest economy in Africa, second to Nigeria and Egypt. It has the most modernized infrastructure in Africa. It ranks high in the high human development category and is the only African member of the G20. Racial apartheid was imposed between 1948 and 1994 and abolished by Nelson Mandela, the first democratically elected President of South Africa, who was thus awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and was one of the world's most revered statesmen. With relatively developed cities, South Africa attracts a sizable number of immigrants from other African countries, breeding ethnic conflict. South Africa is the only country to voluntarily give up its nuclear weapons.