Year Founded: 1965
Sitting on the southernmost tip of Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia, Singapore guards the southernmost exit of the Malacca Strait. It was originally a state of Malaysia in 1956 and became an independent state after being expelled by the Malaysian Parliament in a vote in 1965.
With its geographical advantages, Singapore has become the finance, service, and shipping center of Asia. The state has been ranked No.1 in Asia for many consecutive years be it GDP per capita or Human Development Index.
The People's Action Party has been the only ruling party in Singapore, so it does not excel in the Press Freedom Index and Democracy Index like it does in the economy. There are a large number of international migrant workers holding work visas in Singapore, and only 38% of the residents are permanent citizens.
The state adopts neutrality as a principle of its foreign policy. Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said in 2021 that Singapore would not choose sides in the China-U.S. confrontation.