Year Founded: 1962
A land-locked state in East Africa, Rwanda's population density is close to that of Taiwan. The population are mainly Hutu and Tutsi. In 1990, a civil war broke out and the Hutu led a military coup which overthrew the Tutsi monarchy. In 1994, the Hutu began carrying out genocide against the Tutsi. Nearly 800,000 people were killed on both sides during this gruesome conflict. This important historical event is called the Rwandan genocide. Now even though the country has put the gloom of the mass killings behind it, economic development is still stagnant with a GDP per capita of a mere USD823, ranking among the lowest in the world. In 2020, the proportion of seats held by women in Rwanda's parliament was the highest in the world. 49 out of 80 seats were held by women.