Year Founded: 1966
Lesotho is the world’s largest enclaved country, surrounded entirely by South Africa. It’s also the only independent country with a base altitude of more than 1,000 meters. The economy of Lesotho is heavily dependent on South Africa. 80% of their food imports come from South Africa. Lesotho is politically unstable. The military and the police are controlled by different parties and the domestic situation is turbulent. Lesotho’s murder rate is ranked one of the highest in the world at a score of 41.2 murders per 100,000 people. The country is also affected by HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. Lesotho’s adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate is 25%, the second-highest in the world. The resulting large medical expenses have become a huge financial burden to the country.