Year Founded: 1948
A socialist state located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula; North Korea is under the reign of the Kim family. The country’s military is the fourth largest with approximately 1.2 million in-active-service soldiers and is currently one of the few countries with nuclear weapons in the world.
When Kim Il Sung founded the country, North Korea accomplished a better economic development than that of South Korea. However, the disintegration of the Soviet Union led to the loss of economic support and resulted in the great North Korean famine. The alleged number of people who died of starvation or malnutrition is 3 million.
Its current leader is Kim Jong-un from the third generation of the Kim family. In 2019, he was friendly toward the United States and South Korea for a short period of time, but rivalry soon resumed in 2020. East Asian countries currently remain wary of North Korea.