The original residents of Crimea, which sits in the southern part of Ukraine, were the Crimean Tatars. Under the rule of the Russian Empire, Crimea was converted into the Russian base for the Black Sea fleet, which led to the influx of a large population of Russians effectively altering the demographics in Crimea to 65% Russian and less than 15% Crimean Tatars. In 1954, the First Secretary of the Soviet Union, Nikita Khrushchev, gave Crimea to the Ukraine as a present. As Ukraine was also a part of the Soviet Union then, he did not put much thought into the decision. However, Khrushchev had just planted the seeds of separatism.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Ukraine became independent and Crimea naturally became part of the territory of the Ukraine. In 2014, when the President of the Ukraine fell from power, the State Council of Crimea asked Russia to send out peacekeeping troops for protection as Crimea held a public referendum on independence from the Ukraine. 96% of Crimea’s population voted for integration into the Russian Federation and Crimea thus became governed by Russia. This led to the collective condemnation of Western countries, and Russia was kicked out of the G8. Russian sovereignty over Crimea is currently not recognized by international governing bodies, and it is still officially considered part of Ukrainian territory.