The Horn of Africa is not a country but a region. It lies in Northeast Africa and was given this name because it’s shaped like a rhino horn. The area consists of the countries of Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia. Sometimes Kenya and Sudan are also included in the greater region of the Horn of Africa. The Horn of Africa is a maritime hub connecting the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Given this strategic significance, great powers like the U.S., Russia and China have all set up military bases in this region.
The area is plagued by civil wars and rampant pirate attacks. In recent years, it has even become a recuperation den for terrorist organizations and therefore has been targeted by Western countries as the primary region to counter terrorism. In addition to man-made disasters, in 2020, the Horn of Africa was also devastated by many natural disasters such as a locust plague, drought, and flooding. It is also the area that suffers from the worst rate of malnutrition in the world.