Date: 1975 to date
Parties in conflict
● The Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro
This piece of land was originally a part of a Spanish colony. In 1975 when Spain pulled completely out of this former colony, Morocco in the north attempted to take control of the territory, while Mauritania to the east also wanted a cut. However, the local residents of Western Sahara claimed sovereignty over their own land, so they founded an independent country, named the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic to fight against Moroccan control.
Currently, Morocco occupies the western part of the territory that runs along the coast and provides access to natural gas reserves, while the Polisario Front backing the Sahrawri controls the grassless eastern part of inland Africa. In November 2020, the Polisario Front abandoned the ceasefire agreement, leaving the area still trapped in ongoing conflict.