Age: 69 years old
Xi Jinping’s father, Xi Zhongxun, once a prominent veteran of the Chinese Communist Party, was condemned during the Cultural Revolution, and Xi Jinping was labeled as the son of a black gang. Around the time he graduated from the Department of Chemical Engineering of Tsinghua University, his father also returned to the political circle. Xi was immediately assigned as the secretary to the Minister of National Defense. He successively held important positions in local provinces and was elected as the general secretary in 2012 to succeed Hu Jintao, who opted to retire completely. Xi thus officially became the fifth-generation head of state of the People’s Republic of China.
His leadership style is modeled after Mao Zedong’s dictatorship, and in recent years, digital media has been deployed to create a personal cult surpassing his predecessor. In 2018, the National People’s Congress approved to remove the two-term limit on the presidency. Xi Jinping is likely to seek a third term.