According to the “1948 UN General Assembly resolution 260 A, Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide,” genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group:
- Killing members of the group.
- Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group.
- Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part.
- Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group.
- Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
The incidents that have been defined as genocides in modern times include the Holocaust, the Rwandan genocide, the Srebrenica massacre, and Japanese war crimes committed in China. When a state or an individual is ruled by the International Court of Justice as a genocide perpetrator, they will be subject to a rigorous trial and the subject regime will be required to pay an enormous amount in reparations. Therefore, international parties are very cautious about using this word.